Video Terminology Glossary D:
Video, Filmmaking and Multimedia Words and Terms

Dailies (film term) - Film or video that is shot during that day's production period that is viewed on a daily basis. Also called: Rushes.

Dark Horse (film term) – in Hollywood this term is used to describe a movie that is surprisingly nominated for a major award.

Darkroom (photographic term) – A room or area where all light is sealed out so that film processing can occur without fear of light contamination.

Data Compression – the process of shrinking the size of a digital file. Also see: Video File Formats.

Daylight Balanced – A film term used to describe film that has been especially made to be used when shooting in outdoor lighting situations (color temperature of approximately 5400 K).

Daylight Spool – A photographic term used to describe a film spool that protects film from being exposed to light when loading a camera in conditions where light is present.

Decibel (dB) – A term used in the measurement of sound that shows the ratio between signal amplitude and power. For the average person they know this as the measurement of sound levels.

Digital Audio – the recording of analog sound waves into a digital format for processing, storage, reproduction or transmission.

Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) – A method of digital transmission that allows audio to be broadcast at CD-quality.

Digital Audio Tape (DAT) – a digital video tape format used in the recording and playback of digitized audio signals.

Digital Audio Workstation (DAW) – a computer workstation set up specifically for the purpose of editing, processing and mixing digital audio.

Digital Broadcast – Broadcasting data using a digital data stream instead of frequency or amplitude modulation (analog).

Digital Cinema Package – A Digital Cinema Package or DCP is the digital equivalent of a 35mm film print and is a worldwide standard for films that are to be shown digitally in theaters. Also known as: D–Cinema or DC.

Digital Cinematography Camera –  Usually a high-end professional digital camera that can shoot in the highest of resolutions, featuring precise exposure control and a variety of interchangeable lenses that can be used.

Digital File Format – Digital data saved to a file using a particular arrangement and structure that can be read by a codec. Also see: Video File Formats, CODECs and File Compression

Digital Media – Any type of media (text, video, audio, graphics etc.) that has been encoded (digitally processed) and has been saved as a digital file.

Digital Production – This can be any type of production that involves using digital media, particularly those types of productions that use the Internet. An example would be streaming audio and video online.

Digital Revolution –  Part of what is being called the Third Industrial Revolution. The First Industrial Revolution was the mechanization of the textile industry in the late 18th century and the Second Industrial Revolution was ushered in in the early 20th century by Henry Ford and the advent of the moving assembly line which made it easy to mass-produce products. The Digital Revolution (Third Industrial Revolution) has made it easier to automate the production of products that can be precisely tailored to the customers needs and wants.

Digital Rights Management (DRM) – DRM is a technology built into digital devices that restricts the copy, reproduction and distribution of copyrighted digital media. Also see: Stock Photo License Agreements: What Are Your Legal Responsibilities?

Digital Theater Production – A type of theater production where both live actors and digitally created images, sound, animation etc. are woven together to form the production.

Digital Video – Video material created using encoded digital data that is been captured by a digital video camera or other digital device.

Digital Video Artist – A person with an excellent knowledge of digital media concepts, tools and production techniques that can create and turn ideas into completed video productions.

Digital Video Revolution – The ongoing shift from viewing and listening to video and audio programs from traditional media sources such as over-the-air and cable TV and radio to accessing this type of programming on computers and mobile devices via the Internet.

Direct Broadcast Satellite (DBS) – a system of signal transmission where a satellite can transmit directly to a consumer's home. Also known as: Direct to Home (DTH).

Disc-at-Once (DAO) – A method of writing information to a CD disc without turning off the recording laser. It is useful for creating master discs which will then be used for mass replication.

Distribution (film & video industry) – The process of making a film or video available to the viewing public. For most films this is done by a professional film distributor who helps determine the marketing strategy, how the film will be exhibited, such as in a movie theater, television, Internet etc., and when it will be released to the public.

Downloading (computer term) – The process of obtaining an exact copy to one computer of a file located on a remote computer via a network such as the Internet.

Drama (film term) – A movie genre. Usually this type of movie is serious and emotional and can have a lot of action. It is usually characterized by having a series of events or circumstances that may be unusual or unexpected.

Dramatic Features (film term) – Films that portray realistic characters and exciting, emotional, or an unexpected series of events or circumstances. The word comes from ancient Greek meaning "act" or "deed".

DVD – A Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc is compact optical disk (digital storage medium) that digital data can be stored and retrieved. Digital data is written to and read from the desk by use of a laser. (Also see: Camcorder DVD and Mini DVD Formats (Part 1) ). Also see: Camcorder DVD and Mini DVD Formats (Part 1)

Have fun...!  Dan (Editor)

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