Here is a question I received recently about shooting... Single Camera Interviews ...!
Thanks for the video production question! Here are some general tips on how to shoot the interview effectively using a single camera!
There are mainly two ways that you can shoot an interview with a single camera. Use the position and technique that will best capture the subject's response to the interviewer's questions.
One way is to have the camera at a fixed location and angle and just shoot the person (subject) from that viewpoint throughout the interview.
The basic camera angle on this is the POV or Point of View shot.
Be sure to have the interviewer sitting fairly close to the subject so that the conversation can be relaxed and without strain.
As for lighting… The three point lighting technique is most preferred for a single camera interview.
Another way would be to move the camera around throughout the interview... Changing the viewpoint and angle to create more of an impact with the audience.
This type of camera work is, of course, a bit tricky... And you have to ensure that your camera is stable (with no camera shake) and that everything stays in focus.
It can be a lot of work and you need to plan it out carefully! But... if done right, it can be very dynamic and really pull your audience's attention into the interview.
Also, if you're going to move the camera in this way, be sure to get enough footage so that you can make precise edits in post-production.
This will ensure that the visuals are in sync and flow with the audio of the interview.
Here is a standard sequence of camera shots that are used in shooting single camera interviews.
I would encourage you to be creative however and use a sequence of shots that will get across the information the interviewee is presenting in a fresh, informative and interesting way.
A great way to figure out the rough sequence of shots is to do a storyboard before you shoot. That way you have some idea of how you're going to approach it but... Of course...
In an interview, you do have to be ready for the unexpected also but, if you plan it out well everything should go smoothly!
Here is the rough sequence of shots:
#1. Normally, in shooting an interview, you would begin the interview with an establishing shot that shows the participants and where they are located. This opening (establishing) shot will orient the audience.
#2. Usually the camera will then pan into a medium or close-up shot of the interviewer who will then introduce the guest and topic to the audience.
#3. The interviewer made then turned to face the guest with the camera panning out into a point-of-view shot of the interviewer and subject and the interview begins.
#4. If you have your camera in a fixed location. You can then do gentle pans and zooms on the subject as needed throughout the interview to emphasize parts of the conversation or to catch the emotion of the interviewee.
#5. At the end of the interview it is common for the camera to pull out to a bit wider shot (two-shot) that frames both the interviewer and subject and then pan into a close-up of the interviewer if there are closing statements.
It almost goes without saying that the audio from the interview has to be excellent.
Recording the audio separately with a Lavalier or boom type microphone and then adding it in post-production after you've had a chance to clean it up is always preferable.
But… That's not always possible so you will have to use your camcorder's built-in microphone.
So… If that is the case...
Then just take care that you don't have any distracting background noise and that you angle your camera's microphone so that it can pick up the sound in as high a quality as possible.
Take a look at this article for some tips on using your camcorder's microphone to its full advantage.
A little bit of video editing is recommended of course, to help make the interview concise, easy to follow and to-the-point. Video editing will also help in the smooth transitioning from one topic to another in the interview.
You may also want to add a bit of clarifying information so that your audience has pertinent data about the interviewee and/or subject matter of the topic being discussed.
A lot of times the interview has to fit into a certain time frame such as five minutes, 10 minutes etc...
So it will, of course, have to be edited for that reason also.
A little bit of video editing can go a long way to making an otherwise dull interview into something that the audience will want to watch and listen to all the way through.
So there it is!
Some basics for you on shooting a single camera interview.
I hope this information will help you to shoot a great and informative interview that will capture your audiences attention and give them some great information!
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