Understanding basic video production terms such as the Shot, the Scene and the Sequence is a key to success in producing great videos...!
Here are the definitions of these basic building blocks of any film or video...
All professions have a language… and just like any language… English… Spanish… or Greek… If you don't understand it… Well… You're not going to get very far!
If you really... (and I mean really )... want to be a "Pro" at video production (or any subject for that matter)... You have to understand the terms being used... As... they represent the important concepts and/or actions of the subject.
Here are a few of the basic video production terms that represent some of the most fundamental actions and concepts in filmmaking or the video production process as a whole.
The Shot, the Scene and the Sequence... These are fundamental building blocks of any film or video! These basic video production terms will be found in any script you are working from.
The Shot is probably the most essential and basic aspect of a film or video and refers mainly to the cameraman shooting one length of continuous (unedited) action.
But ... In the lexicon of filmmaking and video production this term can be used in two ways:
A "Shot" can be as short as a single frame or it can be many minutes long. The criterion for a "Shot" is not the length of time that the camera is running – it's all about the continuity of the action.
The term "Shot" by the way, derives from the early film production days when cameras were hand-cranked.
The operation was similar to the hand-cranked machine guns being used in the military at the time (It gives you an idea of how old filmmaking is doesn't it!).
So... When a cameraman would crank his camera... It was similar to the action of shooting a machine gun!
And thus... The words Shot, Shoot and Shooting made it into the film production lexicon.
Field size has to do with framing the camera shot and is how much of the subject and its surrounding area is visible within the camera's field of view.
This can be broken down further into the shot types such as...
The actual physical placement of the camera and the angle that the shot is being viewed from. In video production these are called... The Camera angles. Some of these angles would include:
... And that is just to name a few!
Normally you will use your Storyboard to lay out these angles and shots before you shoot so that you keep your takes to a minimum.
Some things to keep in mind when you are creating scenes in the video editing process are...
Action sequences tend to use many short duration shots to increase the sense of tension, excitement or urgency in the environment while dramatic scenes tend to use longer duration shots to slow down the pace of the movie and allow the audience to become more involved with the characters and the story.
Knowing these basic video production terms will help you as a video editor or a video producer to create more of an impact by controlling the emotional response of the audience.
The Scene is generally thought of as the action that takes place at a certain place and time in the story... For instance...
If the film starts with the subject in a conversation on a subway platform...
And then cuts to the subject seated on a moving train...
The the subject on the subway platform is one scene and... The subject seated on the train is another scene. A scene can be composed of one shot or any number of shots.
Many times a scene will start with a master shot which captures the entire scene is a single shot, and then include additional shots (e.g., close-ups, cut-ins and cutaways) that are edited in to the video or film to comprise the complete scene.
In movies and videos, some types of scenes have acquired names such as:
In a lot of movies or videos you will see parallel scenes where action is going on in two different locations at the same time.
The division of the movie or video into scenes is planned out in the video production script and are not necessarily shot in order. They will be put in the proper sequence in the post-production of the video or film.
When a number of scenes can be considered to form a distinct unit in the film or video or where the action continues or progresses along each of the scenes...then it is considered a Sequence.
It is usually connected either by continuity of location or time or both. The sequence is part of the structure of film or video – this structure includes:
Here is a nice breakdown of the structure of a film sequence by Julian Palmer. He dissects one of the great tension-filled beach film sequences in Steven Spielberg's movie... Jaws!
The filmmaker or videographer uses shots to build scenes ... and then uses scenes to build sequences and thus... builds his entire film or video.
By using this structure in an intelligent and compelling manner the film or video maker produces a film or video that tells a coherent and structured story that audiences can follow and will love!
These are just some of the basic video production terms that a filmmaker or video maker has to know well. They are among the very basics of filmmaking or video production and if you study them in depth and know how to put together a Shot, Scene and Sequence you'll be well on your way to producing material that your audiences will love.
Have fun with it and make a great video…!
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